Thursday, June 1, 2023

Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Type 2 Diabetes for Men Under 40

So, have you ever wondered about your health’s ticking clock? As men under 40, we often perceive ourselves as invincible, ignoring silent but potential risks. One such overlooked condition is Type 2 diabetes. It’s more than high blood sugar; it’s a lifelong fight, and it’s about time we got familiar with it.

The Unseen Enemy – Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when our bodies resist insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating sugar. It’s like a key that no longer fits the lock, causing sugar to build up in our blood.

Why Should Men Under 40 Care?

Despite common belief, Type 2 diabetes isn’t an “old man’s disease.” Recent studies show a rise in young adults diagnosed; shockingly, men under 40 are at higher risk.

The Warning Signs – Detect Early, Act Promptly

Symptoms to Look Out For

From increased thirst to unexplained weight loss, these signs can seem trivial but might be the body’s SOS for help.

Risk Factors

Ever wondered if you’re at risk? Family history, weight, and lifestyle can make the difference between a diabetes-free life and a lifetime of medications.

The Lifesaver – Prevention Is Better Than Cure

Embrace a Healthy Lifestyle

A healthy lifestyle can often prevent Type 2 diabetes. It’s not about drastic changes; it’s about smart choices. Remember, Rome wasn’t built in a day!

Regular Check-ups and Screenings

If prevention is the first step, detection is the second. Regular check-ups can help identify the risk early and nip it in the bud. Remember to talk to your doctor, and most importantly GO to the doctor.

The Battlefront – Managing Type 2 Diabetes

Diet And Exercise

Healthy eating and physical activity are crucial. It’s not about denying ourselves pleasures but finding a balance. Look online for healthy and delicious meal plans. And physical activity can be as simple as taking a walk for your break instead of staying seated at your desk.

Medications And Insulin Therapy

Sometimes, lifestyle changes aren’t enough. Medications and insulin therapy can help our bodies overcome resistance and use insulin effectively.

The Road Ahead – Living With Type 2 Diabetes

Mental Health And Emotional Well-being

Living with diabetes isn’t just about managing blood sugar levels. It also means dealing with emotional stress and mental health challenges that come along the way.

Diabetes Doesn’t Define You

Remember, we are much more than a diagnosis. We can live fulfilling lives with diabetes, defining our path and writing our own story.

Conclusion

We’ve walked through the battlefield of Type 2 diabetes, understanding its risks, prevention, and management. Remember, it’s a journey, not a destination. Together, we can beat the odds and prove that Type 2 diabetes is conquerable, not inevitable.

Diabetes Demystified: The Impact of Obesity – A Comprehensive Analysis

Welcome to our comprehensive examination of obesity and its profound influence on individuals and societies. As a blog focused on helpful ways to manage and live with diabetes, we recognize the urgency and importance of addressing this pressing health issue. In this article, we delve into the intricate nature of obesity, exploring its prevalence, associated health risks, and potential remedies. Join us as we shed light on this subject and provide invaluable insights for combating obesity.

Understanding Obesity Obesity is a critical global health concern that has recently escalated to epidemic proportions. It is characterized by the excessive accumulation of body fat, leading to detrimental health effects. Our objective is to thoroughly analyze this condition, highlighting its implications and providing actionable knowledge for individuals, healthcare professionals, and policymakers alike.

Prevalence and Trends Obesity has experienced a staggering rise worldwide, impacting both developed and developing nations. Recent statistics reveal that over one-third of the global population is now classified as overweight or obese. This alarming surge necessitates immediate action to mitigate its adverse consequences.

Health Risks and Complications The impact of obesity extends far beyond aesthetic worries. It significantly contributes to the development of various chronic diseases, imposing a substantial burden on individuals and healthcare systems. Conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, certain cancers, musculoskeletal disorders, and mental health issues are closely associated with obesity. Recognizing these risks is crucial in promoting preventive measures and fostering overall well-being.

Factors Contributing to Obesity Obesity arise from a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. Understanding these contributors is pivotal in formulating effective strategies for prevention and management.

Genetic Predisposition Research indicates that genetics play a role in determining an individual’s susceptibility to obesity. Certain genetic variations can influence metabolism, appetite regulation, and fat storage, making some individuals more prone to weight gain than others. However, it is important to note that genetic predisposition alone does not solely determine one’s weight status. Environmental and lifestyle factors also contribute significantly.

Environmental Factors The modern environment presents numerous challenges that foster an obesogenic lifestyle. Factors such as easy access to energy-dense foods, sedentary work routines, lack of physical activity, and promotion of unhealthy products all contribute to the prevalence of obesity. Addressing these environmental influences requires a comprehensive approach involving various stakeholders, including policymakers, educators, and the food industry.

Behavioral Patterns Individual behaviors and choices have a profound impact on weight management. Unhealthy eating habits, excessive calorie intake, inadequate physical activity, and sedentary behaviors all contribute to weight gain. By promoting awareness and empowering individuals with practical strategies, we can inspire positive lifestyle changes that combat obesity.

Solutions for Combating Obesity Addressing obesity necessitates a multifaceted approach encompassing education, policy changes, and support systems. We firmly believe in the power of collective action to bring about sustainable change.

Education and Awareness Raising awareness about the risks and consequences of obesity is of utmost importance. Educating individuals about nutrition, healthy eating habits, and the benefits of regular exercise can empower them to make informed choices regarding their well-being. Educational programs targeting children, families, and communities play a vital role in fostering healthier lifestyles from an early age.

Policy Interventions Government policies can potentially create a significant impact in the fight against obesity. Implementing regulations that promote healthier food environments, such as improved food labeling, restrictions on marketing unhealthy products to children, and incentives for food manufacturers to produce healthier options, can encourage positive behavioral changes at the population level.

Healthcare Support Healthcare professionals are at the forefront of obesity prevention and management. By providing personalized counseling, evidence-based treatment plans, and continuous support, healthcare providers can empower individuals to take control of their health.

Some more detailed information can be found in the following references:

  1. American Diabetes Association. (2021). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes – 2021. Diabetes Care, 44(Supplement 1), S1-S232. Retrieved from https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/44/Supplement_1
  2. Caleyachetty, R., Thomas, G. N., Toulis, K. A., Mohammed, N., Gokhale, K. M., Balachandran, K., & Nirantharakumar, K. (2017). Metabolically healthy obese and incident cardiovascular disease events among 3.5 million men and women. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 70(12), 1429-1437.
  3. Bray, G. A., Kim, K. K., Wilding, J. P. H., & World Obesity Federation. (2017). Obesity: A chronic relapsing progressive disease process. A position statement of the World Obesity Federation. Obesity Reviews, 18(7), 715-723.
  4. World Obesity Federation. (2018). Obesity: The gateway to ill health – An international scientific congress on obesity and related diseases. Retrieved from https://www.worldobesity.org/news/obesity-the-gateway-to-ill-health-an-international-scientific-congress-on-obesity-and-related-diseases

Pfizer’s Diabetes Drug: Weight Reduction Similar to Novo Nordisk’s Ozempic

In contemporary medical advancements, the esteemed pharmaceutical titan, Pfizer, has unveiled noteworthy triumphs in diabetes management. Their recent investigational endeavors have yielded heartening results for their diabetes therapeutic, showcasing an impressive capacity for weight diminution akin to Novo Nordisk’s Ozempic. This development has sparked a wave of optimism amongst health professionals. Mainly due to the immense health issues that obesity and diabetes pose on a global scale.


Dissecting the Influence of Diabetes and Obesity


Diabetes, an enduring health anomaly, is delineated by heightened glucose concentrations in the bloodstream, a consequence of the body’s impaired production or suboptimal utilization of insulin. This malady afflicts countless individuals across the globe, potentially culminating in grave complications like cardiac disease, nephrological impairment, and vision loss.

Contrastingly, obesity, a colossal risk contributor to type 2 diabetes, is defined by surplus body mass and excessive adipose tissue accrual. The omnipresence of obesity has manifested a consistent upward trajectory, thereby catalyzing an augmentation in the global prevalence of diabetes.
The Quintessence of Therapeutics in Diabetes Amelioration

The cornerstone of diabetes management rests on an amalgamation of lifestyle metamorphoses—dietary transformations and physical exertion—with therapeutic intervention. Medications are indispensable in modulating glucose concentrations, amplifying insulin receptivity, and mitigating complication probabilities.


Pfizer’s Anti-Diabetic Pharmaceutical: A Potential Paradigm Shift


The anti-diabetic pharmaceutical in Pfizer’s pipeline, presently in the clinical assessment phase, has manifested an encouraging efficacy in weight diminution. This therapeutic belongs to the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) family, paralleling Novo Nordisk’s Ozempic. GLP-1 RAs emulate the functionality of a hormone dubbed glucagon-like peptide-1, which incites insulin excretion and appetite suppression.

The recent probe by Pfizer encompassed a sizable group of overweight or obese individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The analysis elucidated a notable contraction in body mass among recipients of Pfizer’s pharmaceutical, mirroring the weight abatement witnessed in individuals administered with Ozempic. This inference implies that Pfizer’s anti-diabetic pharmaceutical might emerge as a pragmatic alternative for those grappling with the dual challenge of diabetes and obesity.


Merits of Pfizer’s Anti-Diabetic Pharmaceutical

Weight Diminution: Pfizer’s anti-diabetic pharmaceutical’s extraordinary proficiency in weight diminution is of immense significance. Obesity management is pivotal in diabetes care as it augments insulin sensitivity and curtails complication risks. Enhanced Glycemic Regulation: GLP-1 RAs, inclusive of Pfizer’s therapeutic, have validated their effectiveness in bolstering glycemic regulation by diminishing glucose concentrations. This influence can facilitate individuals in achieving superior diabetes regulation and curtail the exigency for supplementary therapeutics. Cardiovascular Prospects: Certain GLP-1 RAs have demonstrated cardiovascular prospects by attenuating the risk of cardiac events, strokes, and deaths resulting from cardiovascular anomalies. Additional exploration is imperative to ascertain if Pfizer’s pharmaceutical exhibits these favorable influences. Clinical Consequences and Future Investigations The prospective advantages of Pfizer’s anti-diabetic pharmaceutical are substantial, yet auxiliary research is required to ascertain its safety profile, efficiency, and enduring impacts. Clinical explorations involving more extensive and more heterogeneous patient clusters are crucial to corroborate the preliminary discoveries and inspect any prospective adverse effects or interactions with concomitant medications.

If ensuing investigations substantiate the success of Pfizer’s therapeutic and secure regulatory endorsement, it could furnish a novel treatment avenue for individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who are concurrently combating obesity. This would constitute a valuable expansion to the existing repertoire of anti-diabetic therapeutics, enabling physicians and patients to have an enhanced arsenal for tailor-made care.

Pfizer’s anti-diabetic pharmaceutical has showcased heartening results in weight reduction, echoing the efficacy of Novo Nordisk’s Ozempic. This innovative stride offers hope to individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes who are concurrently battling obesity. The unique ability of Pfizer’s drug to tackle both conditions concurrently could potentially herald a new chapter in diabetes management and obesity reduction. This could signal a seismic shift in our approach toward these widespread health challenges, equipping us with another potent tool in our ongoing battle against these common yet complex conditions.

Living with Diabetes: Managing Your Health and Embracing a Balanced Lifestyle

Living with diabetes requires proactive management and a balanced approach to maintaining your health. By incorporating key strategies into your daily routine, such as following a healthy diet, engaging in regular exercise, and effectively managing medications, you can take control of your diabetes and lead a fulfilling life. This article will explore practical tips and insights for living with diabetes, empowering you to embrace a balanced lifestyle while effectively managing your condition.

Diet plays a crucial role in diabetes management. Focus on consuming various nutrient-dense foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Avoid or limit foods high in added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium. Be mindful of portion sizes and consult a registered dietitian specializing in diabetes nutrition to create a personalized meal plan that suits your needs.

Regular physical activity is essential for individuals living with diabetes. Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, and promote cardiovascular health. Aim for a combination of aerobic exercises, such as brisk walking, swimming, or cycling, and strength training exercises to build muscle mass. Consult your healthcare provider before starting any exercise regimen and gradually increase your activity level.

Medication management is a crucial aspect of diabetes care. Taking prescribed medications as directed and monitoring blood glucose levels regularly is essential. Understand your medications’ purpose and potential side effects and communicate any concerns or difficulties to your healthcare provider. Additionally, ensure you have a sufficient supply of medication and develop a routine to help you remember to take your medications on time.

In addition to diet, exercise, and medication management, self-care practices are vital for managing diabetes effectively. Stress management techniques, such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in hobbies, can help reduce stress levels and support overall well-being. Prioritize quality sleep, maintain regular check-ups with your healthcare team, and stay educated about diabetes management through reliable sources.

Living with diabetes may present challenges, but you can lead a fulfilling life with the right mindset and support. Surround yourself with a strong support system of family, friends, and healthcare professionals who understand and encourage your diabetes management goals. Stay positive, set achievable targets, and celebrate small victories.

In conclusion, living with diabetes requires a holistic approach that encompasses diet, exercise, medication management, and self-care practices. By adopting a balanced lifestyle and incorporating these strategies into your daily routine, you can effectively manage your diabetes and enjoy an active, fulfilling life. Remember, with proper management and support, living well with diabetes is entirely possible.

Thriving with Diabetes: Mastering the Intricacies of Upholding Health and Wellness

Diabetes, a persistent malady, affliction, curse, whatever you want to call it, afflicts many individuals worldwide, influencing the body’s generation or utilization of insulin, an indispensable hormone that modulates blood glucose levels. To cope with diabetes, individuals must ensure they oversee their diet, physical activities, and medicine regimens, maintaining stable blood sugar levels. Nevertheless, diabetes management transcends physical well-being; it also entails navigating the emotional labyrinth of the disease. This article probes the challenges of coexisting with diabetes, its emotional repercussions, and techniques for supervising both physical and emotional health.

Decoding/Understanding What Diabetes is
Diabetes is a nuanced disorder that impacts the body’s capacity to generate or utilize insulin. It manifests primarily in two forms: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, annihilates insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. Consequently, individuals with type 1 diabetes must control their blood glucose levels via insulin injections or pumps. Conversely, type 2 diabetes occurs when the body inadequately generates insulin or fails to utilize insulin effectively. Type 2 diabetes generally correlates with lifestyle determinants, such as subpar nutrition, obesity, and insufficient physical exertion.

The Emotional Toll of Diabetes
Living with diabetes poses challenges, and the emotional burden of the affliction frequently goes unnoticed. Diabetes may cause anxiety, despondency, exasperation (frustration), culpability )feeling of things being the fault of oneself), and mortification (dread, fear, scared). People may perceive their condition as self-inflicted due to lifestyle preferences, which can be emotionally draining. Managing diabetes can also be daunting, necessitating continuous blood glucose monitoring, adherence to medication timetables, and dietary constraints. These factors may induce burnout and frustration, underscoring the importance of addressing both physical and emotional health.

Cultivating Physical and Emotional Well-being
Diabetes management demands a multi-system approach, embracing physical and emotional well-being. Below are recommendations for coping with diabetes and fostering overall wellness:

Empower Yourself Through Knowledge
The more conversant you are with diabetes, the better prepared you are to tackle the disorder. Collaborate with healthcare experts, peruse pertinent publications, and participate in support assemblies. Comprehension is potent, and grasping the malady aids in making informed decisions regarding your health.

Refine Your Nutritional Choices
Preserving a balanced diet comprising lean proteins, vegetables, and fruits is paramount for diabetes management. Steering clear of foods laden with sugar and carbohydrates is essential. Collaborating with a nutritionist or dietitian facilitates the development of a productive meal strategy.

Integrate Consistent Exercise
Physical exertion is vital for managing diabetes, as it aids in regulating blood glucose levels and fostering overall wellness. Strive for a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate activity daily.

Supervise Blood Glucose Levels
Observing blood glucose levels constitutes a critical aspect of diabetes management. Monitoring enables comprehension of how your body reacts to nourishment, medication, and physical activity. Partner with your healthcare provider to identify the most efficacious method for tracking blood glucose levels.

Garner Support
Diabetes management may be arduous, but you need not confront it in isolation. Seek assistance from friends, family, or healthcare professionals. Participating in a support group or connecting with others battling diabetes online may prove advantageous.

Conclusion
Diabetes management necessitates a comprehensive approach that integrates physical and emotional welfare. By grasping the intricacies of diabetes, supervising diet and exercise, monitoring blood glucose levels, and enlisting support, individuals can enhance their quality of life and effectively manage diabetes.

Studies and references that support the information in this article:

“Diabetes and emotional wellbeing: Understanding the emotional impact of diabetes and tips for managing your emotions.” American Diabetes Association. (https://www.diabetes.org/diabetes/emotional-well-being)

“The emotional impact of diabetes on children and families.” International Diabetes Federation. (https://www.idf.org/e-library/emotional-impact-diabetes-children-families)

“Physical activity and type 2 diabetes: Time to look beyond the ‘exercise’ paradigm.” Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3925973/)

Enjoy a variety of vegetables for healthy living to help your diabetes

Providing our bodies with nutrient-rich food, mainly fruits and vegetables, is essential for our health and well-being. Nevertheless, many struggle to integrate these nutritious foods into their daily meals. However, do not despair; nourishing yourself and your loved ones with healthy and appetizing dishes can be more effortless than you presume.

Venturing into the produce section of your nearby supermarket can lead to delightful culinary creations. The leading grocery chains offer a vast range of fruits and vegetables from around the globe. By experimenting with new and exceptional produce, you incorporate delightful flavors into your meals and enrich your nutritional consumption. The monotony in a healthy diet can be tiring, resulting in a lack of incentive to fuel our bodies. Hence, it is crucial to break this dietary ennui to attain longevity and triumph in a healthy eating plan.

Why not step out of your comfort zone by trying collard greens, asparagus, or kale? Discovering new and exquisite produce can simultaneously benefit your physical well-being. Leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, and kale comprise vital vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients. A diverse selection of fresh, frozen, and canned varieties can assist in broadening your vegetable options, especially during the off-season. Fresh fruits and vegetables offer diverse flavors, shades, and textures that enable you to consume a spectrum of essential nutrients. For instance, yellow and orange produce typically have high beta-carotene content, while green leafy vegetables offer significant calcium and other critical nutrients. Incorporating bright yellow peppers or vivacious orange carrot slivers can enhance your plain green salad and elevate it to a more vibrant and nutritious level.

Several groups within modern society believe that vitamin and mineral supplements can rectify a poor diet. Despite the continued popularity of these products, it is imperative to recognize that whole foods contain numerous minerals, trace elements, and other micronutrients. Consequently, even the most comprehensive supplement cannot adequately substitute a well-balanced diet.

Vitamin and mineral supplements cost more and are less tasty than fruits and vegetables. When transitioning to a more health-conscious lifestyle, you must become well-informed about proper eating habits and determine the optimal fruits and vegetables for your palate. A balanced diet that you can sustain indefinitely is the most effective diet. Prioritizing the freshest fruits and vegetables enhances the taste, reduces expenses, and amplifies nutritional value. Opting for various in-season produce each week establishes the foundation for wholesome, diverse meals. Nevertheless, your preferred produce may not always be available, requiring the occasional substitution with canned and frozen alternatives. When selecting canned fruits, avoid those preserved in syrup and opt for those conserved in fruit juice or water, as they contain less sugar.

Incorporating fresh fruit, such as apple segments, mandarin oranges, nectarines, and the like, can elevate plain salads to newfound heights of flavor and interest. Combining fruits and vegetables optimizes nutritional benefits and provides an exciting culinary experience. So, start now and explore new vegetable and fruit produce and relish the advantages of a healthy and diverse diet.

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One way to create wonderful meals that are healthier than ever is to take a stroll through the produce section of your local grocery store.  Most major grocery store chains have huge produce sections, containing a wonderful variety of fruits and vegetables from all corners of the world.

Trying a variety of different fruits and vegetables is a great way to keep your meals interesting and exciting in addition to nutritious.  It is all too easy to become bored when trying to follow a healthy diet, and boredom can lead people to abandon their healthy habits.  Avoiding diet burnout is important to the long term survival of even the most sensible eating plan.

So if you’ve never had vegetables like collard greens, asparagus or kale before, why not give them a try.  Not only can trying new things allow you to make great new discoveries, but it can increase your level of fitness as well.  Leafy green vegetables like spinach, broccoli and kale are rich sources of many important vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients.

Another great way to increase the variety of vegetables you enjoy is to combine fresh, frozen and canned vegetables.  While fresh vegetables are generally better and healthier, frozen and canned vegetables can be great alternatives for when the fresh varieties are out of season.

One of the best things about fresh fruits and vegetables is the great variety of flavors, colors and textures available.  Eating a variety of different colored vegetables and fruits does much more than provide much needed variety.  It also provides a great variety of nutrients.  For instance, yellow and orange fruits and vegetables tend to be very high in beta carotene, while green leafy vegetables are often great sources of calcium and other important nutrients.  So why not spice up your plain old green salad with a splash of color in the form of yellow peppers or orange carrot slices?

Many people wrongly think that they can make up for a crappy diet by using vitamin and mineral supplements.  This mistaken belief is apparently very widespread, since sales of these supplements continue to break records. When considering vitamin and mineral supplements, however, it is important to remember that foods contain many different minerals, trace elements and other micronutrients.  That means that for every nutrient that has been discovered and synthesized, there may be ten, twenty or more of these micronutrients that have yet to be fully understood.  That is why no vitamin supplement, no matter how complete, can truly replace a healthy, balanced diet.

In addition, vitamin and mineral supplements are quite a bit more expensive than a good selection of vegetables and fruits, and not nearly as tasty. 

One of the best ways to start eating a healthy diet is to choose the freshest fruits and vegetables.  Not only do fresh fruits and vegetables taste better, but they are less expensive and more nutritious as well.  Choosing a variety of in season fruits and vegetables every week is a great way to enjoy healthy and varied meals.

Of course your favorite fruits and vegetables will not always be in season, so it will sometimes be necessary to supplement those fresh fruits and vegetables with canned and frozen varieties.  When choosing canned fruits, try to avoid those packed in syrup; choose canned fruits packed in fruit juice or water instead.  They will be healthier and contain less sugar.

Adding fresh fruit, such as apple slices, mandarin oranges, nectarines and the like is a great way to make plain salads more interesting and more delicious.  Combining fruits and vegetables is a great way to enhance your nutrition as well.

Does Alcohold Decreases The Risk Of Diabetes?

Drinking Alcohol Really Does Decreases the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Among Older WomenResultado de imagen de Does Alcohol Decreases The Risk Of Diabetes?
It is absurd. For the longest time, we have believed that alcohol has no real benefits. However, recently, a study has found that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol really does decreases the risk of Type 2 Diabetes, and this is especially true among Older Women! There are 20.8 million children and adults in the United States, or 7% of the population, who have diabetes. While an estimated 14.6 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, unfortunately, 6.2 million people (or nearly one-third) are unaware that they have the disease.

Recent studies have shown that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol (as compared to drinking too much alcohol or no alcohol at all) can lower the chances of getting type 2 diabetes. However, only a few studies on alcohol and type 2 diabetes have included women, and very few have included older women.

Previous studies on the effects of drinking moderate amounts of alcohol (1-2 drinks) and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes have mostly been done on men or both men and women who were younger than 55 years old. The researchers wanted to study how drinking alcohol affects older women’s (more than 50 years old) chances of developing type 2 diabetes. (see Diabetes Symptoms)Resultado de imagen de Does Alcohol Decreases The Risk Of Diabetes?

Questionnaires were mailed to the women in the study. The women were asked where they lived and if they had conditions that put them at risk for any other diseases. Waist and hip, height, weight, and blood pressure measurements were taken at the beginning of the study. Diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol were also reported if these conditions were diagnosed by a doctor. The questionnaire asked about how much each woman exercised and how much they ate.

The questionnaire also contained questions about how much alcohol the women drank, how often they drank, and what types of alcohol they drank, both currently and in the past. The researchers sent out two follow-up questionnaires every 3 to 5 years. These questionnaires asked the women whether they developed type 2 diabetes, what year they were diagnosed, who diagnosed them, and whether they were being treated by diet, drugs, and/or insulin.

Conclusion
The researchers found that blood pressure was lower in the women who drank moderately, but it increased in women who drank more. During the study, a total of 760 new cases of diabetes were diagnosed. The research shows, however, that drinking alcohol in moderate amounts did lessen the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This is rather significant piece of news as we can now safely drink our favourite wine and not feel guilty about it!

Is There Self Test For Diabetes?

Sixteen million Americans have diabetes, yet many are not aware of it. African Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans have a higher rate of developing diabetes during their lifetime. Diabetes has potential long term complications that can affect the kidneys, eyes, heart, blood vessels and nerves. A number of pages on this web site are devoted to the prevention and treatment of the complications of diabetes. (see Diabetes Symptoms)

Sixteen million Americans have diabetes, yet many are not aware of it. African Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans have a higher rate of developing diabetes during their lifetime. Diabetes has potential long term complications that can affect the kidneys, eyes, heart, blood vessels and nerves. A number of pages on this web site are devoted to the prevention and treatment of the complications of diabetes. (see Diabetes Symptoms)

In diagnosing diabetes, physicians primarily depend upon the results of specific glucose tests. However, test results are just part of the information that goes into the diagnosis of diabetes. Doctors also take into account your physical exam, presence or absence of symptoms, and medical history. Some people who are significantly ill will have transient problems with elevated blood sugars which will then return to normal after the illness has resolved. Also, some medications may alter your blood glucose levels (most commonly steroids and certain diuretics (water pills)).

The TWO main tests used to measure the presence of blood sugar problems are:

1. Direct measurement of glucose levels in the blood during an overnight fast
2. Measurement of the body’s ability to appropriately handle the excess sugar presented after drinking a high glucose drink.

Self Testing Methods
Regular self-testing of your blood sugar tells you how well your combination of diet, exercise, and medication are working. Tests are usually done before meals and at bedtime. More frequent testing may be needed when you are sick or under stress.

A device called a Glucometer can provide an exact blood sugar reading. There are different types of devices. Usually, you prick your finger with a small needle called a lancet, which gives you a tiny drop of blood. You place the blood on a test strip, and put the strip into the device. Results are available within 30 to 45 seconds.

A health care provider or diabetes educator will help set up an appropriate testing schedule for you. You will also be taught how to respond to different ranges of glucose values obtained when you self-test.

The results of the test can be used to adjust meals, activity, or medications to keep blood sugar levels in an appropriate range. Testing provides valuable information for the health care provider and identifies high and low blood sugar levels before serious problems develop. Accurate record keeping of test results will help you and your health care provide plan how to best control your diabetes. There are 20.8 million children and adults in the US with diabetes, and nearly one-third of them (or 6.2 million people) do not know it!